Write a 5 page essay on Chapter 4, we discuss notions of power and social status. Find two anthropological, peer reviewed journal articles that discuss what archaeologists have learned about social status based upon their analysis of skeletal evidence and/or material culture.
This paper seeks to determine the lessons that have been learnt through the analysis of material culture and skeletal remains.
Archeology came into existence in the 19thand early 20thcentury.During this period, archeological work had been concentrated in Europe, SW Asia and in a few areas of America. Presently, the study is widespread and archeologists study the diversity of humanity that exists around the globe (Dormett, Smith, & Wallis, 2006:30).
Archeologists obtain data through undertaking field surveys and excavations. Substances that are obtained during those field surveys are taken to the laboratory for further analysis. Then they can be able to tell the history of human societies basing on the analysis that they will have carried out (Baxter, 2008:174). This is because a certain aspect of the history of the human beings in question.
Status refers to the roles that one has within their society throughout their lifespan. Economists however look at it in terms of the economic standing that one possesses in the society. This is based on the differences in material and economic wealth .Class on the other hand are stratifications that result from the economic status that exists in the society (Dormett, Smith, & Wallis, 2006:32). In the archeological field, status has been used to define groups of people that existed within the past population. Status can be deduced from the way these individuals were buried, the associated mortuary goods as well as their skeletal remains. Studies have revealed that roles and status are the major considerations that differentiate social stricture. Differences that exist in the economic status and class are defined through material culture and architecture (Cameron, 2011:200).
Through archeological studies, economic status can be determined through a number of ways. A study conducted