Write a 16 page essay on Criminal Justice System in United Arab Emirates.
UAE is governed by a separate Constitution from 1971 and is a federation of seven Emirates. UAE is a federal state which is comprised of 7 different Emirates. UAE constitution permits each Emirate to have their authority over some particular provinces of administration and control, which includes the judicial system. Hence, each Emirate in UAE is having both federal courts and local courts. UAE’s federal law is being followed by these federal and local courts which are enacted by the UAE’s Supreme Council. . In addition to the UAE’s federal law, the Emirates are also having their own local regulations and law, which are enacted by these each Emirate. When local of an Emirate is found inconsistent with the UAE federal law, then, in such cases, UAE federal law will prevail.
Across the UAE, law No.9 of 1976 is a federal law of UAE and is applicable to all criminal courts. In UAE, each Emirate has its own criminal court and has three phases for litigation which comprise the Courts of First Instance, the Courts of Appeal and then the Federal Supreme Court. (Ablad & Mansoor 305).
Those selected for the officer for the police department will have a three-year training program at the Police Academy of UAE. In the Kuwait Military College, training for National Guard Officer is given. Women also employed in some police departments like criminal inquiries, investigations and as security at the airport. The criminal investigation department is accountable for investigating the
The criminal procedural law has been codified through the Federal Law No (35) of 1992, which states the various procedures to be followed in criminal cases in UAE. . The above Federal law consists of a set of regulations that enumerate the procedures and methodology to be followed during the criminal investigation, trial of those charged with a criminal offense, giving judgment, various conditions for appealing to higher courts in criminal cases and the enforcement of a judgment.