Write a 12 page essay on Morale and Policing in America.The officer’s social and working environments are shaped by these internal and external forces. Having this in mind, the primary shapers of th

Write a 12 page essay on Morale and Policing in America.

The officer’s social and working environments are shaped by these internal and external forces. Having this in mind, the primary shapers of the American police institution are society and the government.

According to Gaines, Kappeler & Miller-Potter (2003), the roles and responsibilities of the American law enforcers lie in four main areas. Law enforcement and order maintenance are the main focus areas but they also have jurisdiction over the provision of miscellaneous services and convenience norm enforcement. This paper seeks to look into issues that affect police morale and the way they respond to their duties day in day out. A critical look into the significance of these factors affecting morale will be addressed.

Morale can be described as the state of mind, which reflects the degree to which a member of an organization has confidence in the organization and the other members of his work group. It is also the reflection of the degree to which a worker believes in the objectives of the organization and desires to accomplish them. It is difficult to measure morale, especially in the policing environment. A misconception of a deliberate unjust act of supervision or some other act of unfairness can adversely affect the level of morale almost immediately. Hence a variety of framework can be used to measure morale including accident rates, group cohesiveness, the general appearance of personnel, attitudes towards the leadership and goals of the group, quality and quantity of work performed, absentee rates and volume of negative disciplinary actions taken, (Schroeder & Lombardo, 2004).&nbsp.

Morale and the empowerment of police officers to effectively perform their duties are key to successful policing (Isenberg, 2009). Police chiefs need to have a reputation for building positive morale in departments.