Write 9 page essay on the topic Plato, Freud and the Question of Nature of Mind.
This paper illustrates that two theorists, Plato (427-347) and Freud (1856-1939) made immense contributions concerning the nature of the human mind. The two theorists existed within different context but made scholastic assertions with some striking similarities. Interestingly, Plato’s developmental psychology talks about the mental health and pathology. On the other hand, Freud’s views answer the question of health by explaining that id, ego, and superego were in disharmony because one suffered from neuroses. The study of the psyche is considered a form of science that emerged quite recently. The mention of psyche draws one’s attention to the 20th century great thinkers like Plato and Freud, who are credited as the fathers of psychoanalysis and modern psychology. On the contrary, the term psyche originated in the ancient periods long before Freud and Plato came into existence. The term psyche is used in philosophy on a number of occasions to mean spirit or breath. However, Freud’s works tend to link psyche with the brain. Plato’s works, on the other hand, tend to link the term to the soul, a term that has lost meaning in contemporary science because it has metaphysical connotations. Plato’s question of how we know what underlies the fundamental question relating to the human psyche. One would wonder how humans know what to know. When one does not know how to play a musical instrument, he or she will have several questions aimed at understanding the tactics of playing the instrument. In the human psyche, Plato questions the manner in which people know. The theory of justice informs psyche. This theory has six crucial elements, including principles, faculties, aspects, activities, levels, and instances. The nature and role of these elements have been characterized in such a way that the connotations of the terms largely relate to Plato’s text. Psychology has its roots in the greatest thinkers of the early days such as Plato, who believed that are born blank and can change in the course of life to anything based on the environmental influences. Plato took to discovering the truth of human psyche and the maintenance of the soul. He philosophized through the Socrates teachings while using concepts such as metaphysics and the theory of forms.