Write 7 page essay on the topic Terrorism Asymmetric Warfare and Weapons of Mass Destruction.
Terrorism and terror attacks on American soil have been ongoing for a long time, and in the last decade, it has dominated both domestic and international political discourse. However, the historical aspect of terrorism, especially on American soil, has only gained interest from historians following the September 11, 2001 attacks, addressing the issue from its 19th-century origins to the present, and examining its implications on national development and identity.
Acts of terror in the past were predominantly foreign state-sponsored activities fueled by political motives and acts of sabotage by rogue extremist groups. These political acts were mainly a spectacular means of communicating some sort of greater cause to audiences that might be geographically distant from the target itself. However, over the last four decades, the old paradigm of terrorism has been largely replaced by a new wave of religiously motivated acts of terror, with no affiliation to or sponsorship by any sovereign state (Juergensmeyer, 2005).
The old terrorism made it difficult to have a clear definition of terrorism since it was not easy to differentiate between terror attacks and guerrilla warfare. The new paradigm of terrorism is much clearer with most of the organizations involved in acts of terror openly coming out to claim responsibility.
The causes of this ‘new’ terrorism are varied and cannot be attributed to one single cause or individual, however, the face of religious terrorism in the twenty-first century has been Osama bin Laden until his death by American forces in 2012. Unlike in the past when terrorist attacks were of a relatively small scale, terrorism has taken a new angle with the intent to cause massive casualties using advanced weapons. .