Write 4 page essay on the topic US Marine Advisors in South Vietnam: The Easter Offensive.
For instance, earlier in 1968 the communist group had initiated popular military campaign known as Tet Offensive. this campaign was started against the US forces, Republic of Vietnam and their allies. This campaign put disastrous impacts on the US military, but they did not lose hope unlike those who were observing all incidents on their television screen. The US force sent more fighters to South Vietnam in order to fight back powerfully, but eventually responsibility of war turned back to South Vietnam and US military forces had to withdraw. It was noticed that the Tet Offensive outcomes resulted in damaged presidency of Lyndon B. Johnson and after many months discussion, he ordered a strong halt of bombardment of all military force against North Vietnam and the thrilling campaign ended (Gilbert 23-64). Historians have revealed that after Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon was appointed as the president in 1969 and the program of Vietnamization was catalyzed to equip and train South Vietnamese for their own defense and to make US military forces withdraw from the war. Consequently, by the end of year first troop of US consisting of 69,000 men had withdrawn. However, it was observed that on March 9, 1970 the US marine took control over of the almost five provinces in extreme northern part of South Vietnam to the American army (Gilbert 84-141). Marines had great responsibility of this region as they initially landed at that zone of South Vietnam. The change in responsibility was observed out of Nixon’s decision of training and equipping South Vietnamese for their own fight and withdrawal of US troop from that region. It was noticed that when first marine departed from South Vietnam there was only one marine left that was 1st Marine Division (Gilbert 9). Unit Organization and Living Conditions: Researchers have discovered that pressure of the war forced to make particular changes at all levels in organizational structure of units and official table of organization as and tables of equipments were not properly followed by the troops in Vietnam. In 1968, the 13th Marines units were deployed to first field Artillery group. it was an interim organization unit under 1st Marine Division that was sent back in 1969. One Antitank organization appeared as an important division of the 27th Marine unit and the additional tanks were appropriately integrated into the two divisional tanks battalions. Later on, the service battalions were eliminated and an extra Motor Transport unit was added to the division structure and logistic functions were concentrated in FLC. Historical data also revealed that an amphibian tractor battalion, some force troops and a force reconnaissance were permanently attached to the divisions throughout 1965 to 1973 (Gilbert 19-22). Furthermore, it has been noticed that the US marine troops suffered hardships during the entire war and they lived in Northern Province, by the end of 1968 when Hai Van, allied operation passed. At that time I Corps faced contrasting problems due to large population of three Northern provinces and strong enemies’ infrastructure. Apart, from fighting against enemies they fought against hunger, treats from enemies and extreme weather (Smith). The 9th marine struggled up for operation an area between heavy jungles’ growth in fantrymen of the 2d battalion. It was noticed that enemy started an increase attacks during bad weather on 2 February 1969 and from the 2d Battalion of the 12th