Write 10 page essay on the topic Obesity in Americans in Relation to Increasing Healthcare Costs.
Type 2 diabetes develops when either the body does not produce enough insulin in the blood or cells ignore the insulin produced”. Obesity causes insulin’s effectiveness in controlling the body’s blood sugar to decrease. Blood sugar is overproduced to keep up with the increased intake and the body, not being able to keep up with that, causes the blood sugar levels to become high. The resistance factor of insulin in the human body is exponentially increased with the presence of extra muscles. The exact link between these two factors, obesity and diabetes was clearly explained in research conducted in 2009 by the Salk Institute researchers. The researchers found out a new condition in people who are obese called as the endoplasmic reticulum. This condition could appear at a higher rate in people who have a very high-fat percentage and because of this condition, the segregation of glucose in the liver increases dramatically and hence increasing their potential to become a patient of diabetes. The presence of excessive artificial additives in many of the cheaply available foods that are mostly consumed by people who are involved in sedentary work can effectively increase the fat content of those people. This makes them obese and hence luring them to have diabetes.
Several studies conducted in the past have shown that overweight could increase the percentage of people getting affected with cancer. In particular, the most common type of cancer that is exhibited in obese people is the liver cancer. Researchers from the University of California, San Diego has found out through their research that one major cause for the introduction of cancer in obese people is due to a chronic inflammation. In generic terms, it could be described as a state where the cells of the human body interact between each other in an unruly and disordered manner causing a lot of discrepancies to occur in their working. Any kind of mismanagement of communication between the cells and in their movement leads to the advent of cancer.