Philosophers who believe that truth can emerge from the careful use of reason are known as.
University of Phoenix Material
Week Four Quiz
Topic Area: PSY/300 General Psychology
Ivan Pavlov pioneered the theory of:
Social Learning Theory
John wants to train his dog, Spot, to shake hands. John decides to reward Spot with a treat every time Spot raises his paw. John hopes to increase Spot’s handshaking behavior by following the behavior with a reward. This is an example of:
Topic Area: PSY/310 History and Systems
Philosophers who believe that truth can emerge from the careful use of reason are known as
__________ is often referred to as the ‘Father of Psychology,’ after developing the first psychological research laboratory in Leipzig, Germany.
Topic Area: PSY/315 Statistical Reasoning
The most commonly used statistic in Psychology is
There are two branches of statistical methods. They are
Topic Area: PSY/340 Biological Foundations
In a topographical representation of the motor cortex, the homunculus is the largest area devoted to
arms and legs
In a simple genetic context, DNA makes RNA, which forms amino acids which form
Topic Area: PSY/355 Motivation
What is motivation?
Motivation is based on sight and touch
Motivation excludes sound and emotions
Motivation is the activation of goal-oriented behavior and can be intrinsic or extrinsic
Motivation is the aversion to activity or exertion.
What theorist presents a hierarchy of needs and motivations?
Topic Area: PSY/375 Life Span
Which of the following would be a concern for a person during early adulthood?
Consider the biological theories of aging. Which of the following best represent components of that theory?
Cellular Dial Theory
The Nun Theory
Hormonal Stress Theory
Topic Area: PSY/390 Learning and Cognition
In operant conditioning, which of the following is accurate?
Any response that is followed by a reinforcing stimulus tends to be repeated
Any response that is followed by punishment is likely to not be repeated
Any response that is followed by reward tends to become extinct
Any response that is preceded by a reinforcing stimulus tends to be repeated
Pavlovian conditioning includes several components for creating a conditioned response. These components are:
Unconditioned stimulus; unconditioned response; conditioned recovery
Unconditioned response; conditioned stimulus; conditioned reflex
Unconditioned stimulus; conditioned stimulus; spontaneous recovery
Unconditioned stimulus; unconditioned response; conditioned stimulus
Topic Area: PSY/400 Social
The child deals with mastering his or her physical environment while maintaining a sense of self-esteem. This stage defined by Erik Erikson involves the crisis of autonomy versus shame and doubt.
The child begins to initiate, not imitate activities; develop a conscience, and experience a sexual identity. This stage defined by Erik Erikson involves the crisis of initiative versus guilt.
Topic Area: PSY/405 Theories of Personality
Which theorist is most associated with Social Learning Theory?
What are the four major theoretical approaches to the study of personality?
Psychoticism, Humanism, Disposition, and Learning
Psychoanalysis, Humanistic, Dispositional, and Learning
Psychodynamic, Humanistic, Dispositional, and Learning
Freud, Maslow, Allport, and Bandura
Topic Area: PSY/410 Abnormal
Which of the following is one of the five subtypes of schizophrenia?
Jill is obsessed with her physical appearance and often dresses in a provocative fashion. It is important for her to be the center of attention. She is prone to exaggerated emotional expression with much self-dramatization. Which personality disorder is Jill most likely suffering from?
Schizoid personality disorder
Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
Histrionic personality disorder
Borderline personality disorder
Topic Area: PSY/435 Industrial/Organizational
The two psychologists credited with being the main founders of Industrial and Organizational Psychology are
Sherlin and Billingsly
Munsterberg and Scott
Freud and Jung
Hebb and Skinner
Work motivation theories are most concerned with
ability of the individual
persistence of the individual
attitude of the individual
reasons of the individual
Topic Area: PSY/450 Diversity and Cultural Factors
Cross-cultural psychology differs from general psychology in that
Cross-cultural psychology includes a search for possible universals in behavior and mental processes
General psychology understands that culture cannot affect a person’s perception and intelligence
Cross-cultural psychology involves more aspects of human functioning, including dreams and visions
General psychology is the systematic study of only human experience and behavior.
Culture-bound syndromes refer to
Medical conditions found in geographic areas of the world
Cultural names for common conditions found around the world
Medical or psychic conditions limited to specific societies or cultural areas
Medical or psychic conditions that are influenced by cultural factors
Topic Area: PSY/460 Environmental
Environmental psychology can be defined as a behavioral science that investigates the interrelationships between
Physical environment and human behavior
Family dynamic and work behavior
Emotional motivations and human behavior
Biological causes of physiological disregard
The state that occurs when people are faced with demands from the environment that require them to change in some way can be defined as
Topic Area: PSY/475 Test and Measurements
Reliability in testing refers to which of the following?
Stability of test scores
What the test is actually measuring
Validity in testing refers to which of the following?
Test scores are stable
The test is measuring what it set to measure
Different forms of the test can be used
Whether or not the test is available in different languages
Topic Area: PSY/480 Elements of Clinical
Most psychotherapists would describe themselves as being
Which of the following historical events created a strong need for Clinical Psychology and brought it to the forefront as being an important field of study?
The Great Depression
The Civil War
The Vietnam War Draft
The World War II Draft