Need an argumentative essay on Analysis of Statement that the Development of Childs Identity Is Best Understood as Development in Context. Needs to be 12 pages. Please no plagiarism.
The essay will look at different dimensions to this point. It will reflect this perspective by throwing light on childhood, gender and sexuality. However, it is important to understand the concept of “development in context” and its relation to identity formation first.
Berk (2006) claims that identity construction includes defining who one is, what one values and the directions one wishes to pursue in life. (p.456) Erik Erikson was the first one to bring to light the idea of identity as a big personal achievement and a concept which is important to producing productive and content adults. (See 1950, 1968) Erikson referred to Freud’s psychosexual framework and argued that identity formation takes place through a myriad of developmental stages. Each of these stages needs a certain conflict to be sorted out and resolved for a “healthy” identity to emerge. (Erikson, 1950) Erikson proposed the idea of development at every stage. Thus, his psychosocial theory of identity was a relatively different interpretation compared to Freud’s. He believed that ego is not just a mediator between id impulses and superego demands but it was also a healthy force in helping the child to develop. (Erikson, 1950) He also placed importance on development within the cultural context in which it takes place, unlike Freud. For instance, Berk asserts, Erikson during the 1940s pointed out Yurok Indians residing in the States, would deprive their babies of breastfeeding post-birth, and later, when they are 6 months old, the infants would be hastily weaned. Even though this kind of treatment may be considered as harsh by American Standards, Erikson explained that Yuroks lived in a world, where fish could be seen in the river only once a year. This rarity prompted the development of self-restraint for survival to take place. (Berk, 2006). .