I will pay for the following essay The war on drugs is lost. The essay is to be 2 pages with three to five sources, with in-text citations and a reference page.
Classical standards of criminalization are grounded on the utilitarian philosophy. These standards follow that individuals have the freedom of choice concerning their actions. The standards view individuals are rational beings who seek pleasure and avoid pain and in doing so weigh the consequences and the benefits of engaging in an activity. Because the costs associated with punishment outweigh the benefits of crime, it can be effective in the deterrence of crime if the punishment is proportionate to the crime. The swiftness and certainty of punishment is, therefore, essential in the effectiveness of the form of punishment adopted. According to this view, criminalization of drugs is an effective deterrence to the use of illegal drugs because the punishment associated with drug crimes outweighs its benefits. Modern standards of criminalization, on the other hand, perceive criminal activities as a result of an individual’s rational calculation and freedom of choice. This view follows that individuals are affected by factors outside their control and employs scientific methods as well as empirical data in understanding crime. Some of the explanations adopted by this view are biological, social and psychological explanations. Accordingly, drug abuse is the result of factors such as personality, the society the individual lives in, high population, alienation and poverty.