|Pages:||3 pages (825 words), Double spaced|
|Academic level:||High school|
|Subject or discipline:||English 101|
|Number of sources:||6|
Answer: Human Trafficking
Human trafficking is defined as trading persons for reasons like forced labor, sexual exploitations for the benefits of the trader or other involved parties. It may take place within a country or across nations. Mostly, the traffickers target vulnerable persons especially women and children and coerce them to undertake various demeaning activities and is therefore modern-day slavery, (Weitzer, 2015). This paper seeks to discuss the causes of human trafficking, the impacts the trade has on the society and ways to mitigate extent of the illegal trade.
The first cause of human trafficking is poverty mostly brought about by unemployment. People anguishing in poverty are more vulnerable and this places them in a precarious situation and likely to fall prey in the hands of human traffickers. As these people fight to better their livelihood, they find themselves in the hand of human traffickers. As job opportunities decline, the rate of this trade goes up, (Opensiuc, 2018)
Another reason why human trafficking prevails is due to the huge profits generated in the industry. It is estimated that close to a hundred and fifty billion dollars is generated per year, (ILO, 2018). The unscrupulous organizations dealing with human trafficking are less likely to abandon this business considering the huge amount of money they make. Human trafficking comes second after trafficking of drugs in illegal globally, (Unodc.Org, 2018).
Political instability due to acts of war or any civil unrest causes people to flee and take refuge elsewhere. Their lives become unstable and vulnerable. At times, these refugees could be lured by the human traders that they will be provided with job opportunities in a deceptive manner and may fall victims.
Lastly, some social and cultural practices promote human trafficking. Some communities demean women and children. As women seek to assert themselves and prove their worth, people in power within the society takes advantage of their vulnerability. They promise them better environments that would ensure their upward scaling in career paths. The traffickers use their plight as bait to trade them.
Human trafficking has far-reaching effects around the world. Among them is the economic impact. As people are traded across nations, the countries of origin lose remittances and human resource. This causes loss of revenue and drags back the government’s development agendas. Also, most governments use a lot of resources combating human trafficking.
Health-wise, the persons trafficked suffer immensely during the trading process and in their later lives. They are often transported in overcrowded vehicles, therefore, gets exposed to infectious diseases, injuries among others. Those trafficked for sexual exploitation may contract sexually transmitted diseases including HIV/AIDs. The impact extends to those living with infected persons as well as the government as they provide healthcare.
The third effect of human trafficking is on the society. Women have a nurturing ability towards children and family at large and in their absence, the uniting factor lacks hence disintegration of the affected families occurs. Also, as these women get forcibly transferred from their families, population growth decline. The lesser the number of women, the lesser the number of children being born to a society.
Lastly, human trafficking has an impact on gender equity and to the greater extent human rights. It is against human rights to coerce a person to engage in forced labor or commercial sexual practices among other activities involved in human trafficking. The inhuman conditions trafficked persons find themselves into devalue them and infringe on their rights
There are various ways that if employed could help mitigate the effects of human trafficking. Firstly, there are international laws against human trafficking. Each nation should ensure they are followed and offenders are made to face the law, (ILO, 2008). It is the responsibility of each state around the world to maintain effective border control measures in order to curb human trafficking. Some public officials at the borders engage in corruption and aid human trafficking and should not be condoned.
Public education would enlighten the civilians who fall prey to these offenders. An informed population is in a capacity to make informed decisions regarding their life, even in desperate situations like unemployment or civil unrests. The educated population are also aware of their human rights and would, therefore, determine if any practice infringes on their rights. A proper justice system would aid the fight on human trafficking, (Weitzer, 2014), for instance, fighting the root cause of the illegal trade which involves traffickers themselves. Among all the causes of human trafficking, the perpetrators are the greatest, (Richmond, 2018). Eliminating the perpetrators safeguards the vulnerable people from the possibility of being engaged in human trafficking.
Human trafficking is social crime that should be fought by a united front. Every nation should discourage activities that are likely to be offered by trafficked persons. It is of interest that all nations share information about the vice and together ensure they win the war to eliminate human trafficking. Public education is paramount in the fight against human trafficking.
Banks, D., & Kyckelhahn, T. (2016). Special report: characteristics of suspected human trafficking incidents, 2008-2010. Washington, DC: US Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics; 2011: 1.
ILO, 2008, ILO Action Against Trafficking in Human Beings, Geneva http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/@ed_norm/@declaration/documents/publication/wcms_ 090356.pdf
Opensiuc.Lib.Siu.Edu, 2018, https://opensiuc.lib.siu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2144&context=gs_rp. Accessed 27 Nov 2018.
Richmond, View. “The Root Cause Of Trafficking Is Traffickers – Human Trafficking Institute”. Traffickinginstitute.Org, 2018, https://www.traffickinginstitute.org/the-root-cause-of-trafficking-is-traffickers/. Accessed 27 Nov 2018.
Weitzer, R. (2014). New directions in research on human trafficking. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 653(1), 6-24.
Weitzer, R. (2015). Human trafficking and contemporary slavery. Annual review of sociology, 41, 223-242.
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