HRM4101 International Human Resource Management

HRM4101 International Human Resource Management. Differentiate between (domestic) human resource management (HRM) and international HRM;


Critically analyse contextual, political, cultural and institutional explanations for varying manifestations of HRM across national boundaries;
Evaluate structures and employment strategies in multinational corporations (MNCs);
Assess major features of context and comparative HR practices in selected regions.
Critically analyse and evaluate research in the IHRM field from desk-based sources, and synthesise this information in to a correctly referenced report;
Communicate ideas effectively in a team.

definition

International HRM is the process of acquiring, allocating, and utilizing human resources in a global business to achieve the stated objectives. Because of global context, international HRM is the interplay of three dimensions- HR activities, type of employees, and countries of operations.

Why is international human resource management important?

With the increasing of globalisation, international human resource management (IHRM) plays an important role in achieving the organisation’s goals. … They will be more ready to move their operations into another country and effectively manage their employees to achieve smooth operations of the organisations.

HRM4101 International Human Resource Management

Tip

  • Global human resources managers are responsible for recruitment of new employees, training, professional development, benefits and legal compliance just like any other HR team, but they do so on a global scale.

Functions

1. Recruitment and Onboarding Process

Attracting, hiring and retaining a skilled workforce is perhaps the most basic of the human resources functions. There are several elements to this task including developing a job description, interviewing candidates, making offers and negotiating salaries and benefits. Although a complex task for any business, it is made more complex in the international arena due to differences in educational systems from one country to the next and, of course, difference in languages.

Companies that recognize the value of their people place a significant amount of stock in the recruitment function of HR, no matter where in the world hiring takes place. There is good reason for this – having a solid team of employees can raise the company’s profile, help it to achieve profitability and keep it running effectively and efficiently.

2.On-the-Job Training

Even when an organization hires skilled employees, there is normally some level of on-the-job training that the human resources department is responsible for providing. This is because every organization performs tasks in a slightly different way. One company might use computer software differently from another, or it may have a different timekeeping method. Whatever the specific processes of the organization, human resources has a main function in providing this training to the staff.

The training function is amplified when the organization is running global operations in a number of different locations. Multiple sessions in numerous international locations may be called for, although online webinars and training tools can sometimes effectively reach anywhere on the globe. Having streamlined processes across all locations makes communication and the sharing of resources a much more manageable task.

3. Continuing Professional Development

Closely related to training is HR’s function in professional development. But whereas training needs are centered around the organization’s processes and procedures, professional development is about providing employees with opportunities for growth and education on an individual basis. Development often entails moving an employee between departments so that he or she gains skills in multiple areas. For an international operation, this may also mean moving employees across boundaries.

Many human resource departments also offer professional development opportunities to their employees by sponsoring them to visit conferences, external skills training days or trade shows. The result is a win-win: it helps the employee feel like she is a vital and cared-for part of the team and the organization benefits from the employee’s added skill set and motivation.

4. Benefits and Compensation

While the management of benefits and compensation is a given for human resources, the globalization of companies in the twenty-first century has meant that HR must now adapt to new ways of providing benefits to an organization’s employees. Non-traditional benefits such as flexible working hours, paternity leave, extended vacation time and telecommuting are ways to motivate existing employees and to attract and retain new skilled employees. Balancing compensation and benefits for the organization’s workforce is an important HR function because it requires a sensitivity to the wants and needs of a diverse group of people.

5. Ensuring Legal Compliance

The final function of human resource management is perhaps the least glamorous but arguably of utmost importance. Ensuring legal compliance with labor and tax law is a vital part of ensuring the organization’s continued existence. The federal government as well as the state and local government where the business operates impose mandates on companies regarding the working hours of employees, tax allowances, required break times and working hours, minimum wage amounts and policies on discrimination.

This task becomes very much more complex when different laws in different countries need to be taken into account as well. Being aware of these laws and policies and working to keep the organization completely legal at all times is an essential role of human resources.