Hi, need to submit a 750 words essay on the topic European Reformation.
Luther’s actions initiated the European Reformation including the social and political revolution. Luther’s questioning of several of the doctrines of the Roman Church became the basis of his “new conversion”. How did the doctrine of justification create a divide between the Roman Catholic Church and Martin Luther?
Luther believed the Catholic Church was wrong in its teachings of salvation being earned by performing good deeds and most significantly by indulgences. that is salvation which was viewed as the justification by faith. Although the reformers had various complaints concerning the Catholic Church during the 16th century, the practice of selling indulgences raised the greatest opposition. Indulgence was a form of payment made to the Catholic Church that allowed purchasing of an exclusion from punishment (penance) for certain kinds of sins. Murder had no excuse to indulgence but had excuse to much lesser sins, such as lustful thinking. Catholic believers were the customers for indulgence who feared that if any of their sins went unconfused or unnoticed, they would spend more time in purgatory before getting to heaven or worse, end up in hell for failure to repent. The selling of indulgences was a byproduct of crusades during the 12th and 13th centuries.3 The mere fact that the church sold indulgences bothered numerous people including Martin Luther who felt the need to speak out. Despite the fact that Martin Luther was devout, he started to suffer from faith crisis. He often wondered if he was assured of going to heaven when he died. Luther performed the necessary good works of praying, confession, and fasting that was required of the Church but he still was unsure. Luther being a religious scholar sought guidance from the Bible and found a letter from Paul to the Romans on a passage that stated that the just shall live faith.4