Hi, I need help with essay on Cancer as One of the Most Highly Prevalent Diseases in Modern Times: Various Types of Cancers Among Humans. Paper must be at least 1750 words. Please, no plagiarized work!
According to the estimates provided by the National Cancer Institute’s Surveillance and Epidemiology and End Results database of 2002, the annual incidence of cancer is about 1,248,900 cases with an incidence rate of 1 in 217 people. The number of people newly affected by cancer within a time period is reflected in the data provided by the SEER. Among the various types of cancer, there is an increased prevalence of breast, colon, lung and prostate cancer in the US. The major causative factors for most cancers are still unknown excepting a few such as lung cancer. However, the risk factors that make an individual susceptible to a type of cancer are fairly clear and educating people about this could help in prevention. Both environmental and genetic factors contribute to susceptibility. Most of the environmental risks are occupational hazards such as exposure to aniline increases the risk of bladder cancer, working in mines and with asbestos increases the risk of lung cancer, working in nickel increases risk of nasal cancer, exposure to benzene at prolonged intervals may cause leukemia. In addition, excessive exposure to natural radiation like sunlight increases the risk of developing skin cancer, especially evident among farmers. Other lifestyle associated factors such as cigarette smoking increase the risk of developing lung cancer. Increased alcohol has been found to be involved in the onset of head, neck and esophageal cancer and liver cancer. Cervical cancer is highly prevalent among sex workers and those who have vaginal infections.