Envirommental Risk Assessment of Lead in Children

Envirommental Risk Assessment of Lead in Children.

For the section that you all of working on, all of the reference may not apply, so use the one I listed that is revelant to subject area as well come up with additional references if you feel that the reference you chose is much better to get you put across.

Topic: Environmental Risk Assessment of Lead in Children

Abstract -1/2 page

I. Sources and Distribution of Lead in the Environment ? 4 pages
a.Correlation of Different Route of Exposures to Lead Exposures to BBLs
b. Epidemiological Studies of Lead Exposure in Children
1. Cohort vs Prospective vs Case Control Studies
2.Pros and Cons of different of studies – Lead

II. Measurement and Risk Assessment of Lead in Children – 6 pages
a. Lead Risk Assessment
b.. Effects of High Blood Lead Levels (BBLs) in Children
c. EPA Model ? Integrated Exposure Uptake Biokinetic (IEUBK) model
1. Its effectiveness and use of
IEUBK model and Monte Carlo Model
2. Pros and Cons

III. Risk Management for Lead- 1pages

IV. Conclusion ? page

Reference List
Mielke, H. D. (1999), Lead in the Inner Cities: Policies to reduce children?s exposure to lead may be overlooking a major source of lead in the environment: American Scientist, 87, Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/27857784.

Mushak, P., Crocett, A.F., (2011) Determination of numbers of lead-exposed American Children as a function of lead source: Integrated summary of a report to the U.S. Congress on childhood lead poisoning, Environmental Research, 59, 2, Retrieved from https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2011.03.031.

Lepow, M., (1975), Investigations into sources of lead in the environment of urban children, Environmental Research, 10, 2 Retrieved from https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2011.03.031

Pocock, S. J., Smith, M., Baghurst, P., (1994) Environmental Lead and children?s intelligence: a systematic review of the epidemiological evidence, Retrieved from
https://www.bmj.com/specialties/epidemiologic-studies

Zou, Ben, Wangn Min, Luo, Yan Q. (2012) , Chapter 3: Environmental Safety and Health, Children?s Risk Assessment of Lead Exposure, Advance Material Research, Retrieved from https://10.4024.www.scientific.net/AMR.610-613.790

Ryan, James, Scheckel, K.G, et.al. (2004),

Reducing Children?s Risk from Lead in Soil, A field experiment in Joplin, Mo., demonstrates alternative to traditional cleanups. Environ. Sci. Technol., 38, 1,, Retrieved from hppt://dx.doi.org1021/es040277r

Stewart, L. R, Department of Geology, Bowling Green University, Spatial Prediction of Blood Lead Level in Children in Toledo, Ohio Using Fussing Sets and the Site-Specific IEUBK Model (2011), Retrieved from https://www.cdra.colostate.edu/

Hogan, K. Marcus, A., et.al. (1998) Integrated exposure Uptake Biokinetic Model for Led in children: empirical comparison with epidemiologic data, Retrieved form www.necbi-nlm.nih.gov.
The continuing impact of lead dust on children?s blood lead: Comparison of Public properties in New Orleans (2011), Retrieved from https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2011.06.010

Zehran, S. Mielke, H. W., (2013), Determining the relative importance of soil sample location to predict risk of child lead exposure, Environmental International 60, Retrieved from https://ac.els-cdn.com/

Triantafyllidou, S,, Le, T., Gallagher, D., Edwards, M., (2013), Reduced risk estimations after remediation of lead (PB) in drinking water at two US school districts, Science of the Total Environment, Retrieved from https://dx.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.07.111

Budtz-Jergensen E., Ballinger, D., Langhear, B. Grandjean, P., (2012), An International Pooled Analysis for Obtaining a Benchmark Dose Environmental Lead Exposure in Children, Risk Analysis 33, 3, Retrieved from https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/

Addressing Lead at a Superfund Sites, https://www.epa.gov/superfund/lead

Frequent Questions from Risk Assessors on the Integrated Exposure Uptake Biokinetic (IEUBK) https://www.epa.gov/superfund/lead/lead.tech.htm

Bierkens, J. Beukers, H., et.al, ((2011), Health impact assessment and monetary valuation of IQ loss in pre-school children due to lead exposure through locally produced food, Science of the Total Environmental, 444, Retrieved from www.elevier.com/locate/scitotenv

Mielke, H.W., Rabito, F.A., Rice, J.C., Arroyave, A., (2012) Environmental Lead after Hurricane Katrina, Environmental Health Prospective , Retrieved form https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/

An Approach for Estimating Changes in Children?s IQ from Lead Dust Generated during Renovation, Repair, and Painting in Residences and Child-Occupied Facilities, Retrieved from https://www2.epa.gov/sites/production/files/documents/

Policy Assessment for Review of Lead National Ambient Air Quality Standards, Retrieved from https://www.epa.gov/ttn/naaqs/standards/pb/data/

Zehram, S., et.al, (2013), Determining the Relative importance of Soil sample locations to predict risk of child lead exposure, Environmental International, 60, Retrieved from www.sciencedirect.com

Pounds, J. G., Leggett, R. W., (1998 Map showing the locations of Indianapolis Indiana; Syracuse, New York; and New Orleans, Louisiana, Retrieved from https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/

Environmental Risk Assessment of Lead in Children

Abstract -1/2 page

Sources and Distribution of Lead in the Environment ? 4 pages
a. Correlation of Different Route of Exposures to Lead Exposures to BBLs
b. Epidemiological Studies of Lead Exposure in Children
1. Cohort vs Prospective vs Case Control Studies
2. Pros and Cons of different of studies – Lead

Measurement and Risk Assessment of Lead in Children – 6 pages
a. Lead Risk Assessment
b. Effects of High Blood Lead Levels (BBLs) in Children
c. EPA Model ? Integrated Exposure Uptake Biokinetic (IEUBK) model
1. Its effectiveness and use
d. IEUBK model and Monte Carlo Model
1. Its effectiveness and use
2. Pros and Cons

Risk Management for Lead- 1pages

Conclusion ? page

Reference List
Mielke, H. D. (1999), Lead in the Inner Cities: Policies to reduce children?s exposure to lead may be overlooking a major source of lead in the environment: American Scientist, 87, Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/27857784.

Mushak, P., Crocett, A.F., (2011) Determination of numbers of lead-exposed American Children as a function of lead source: Integrated summary of a report to the U.S. Congress on childhood lead poisoning, Environmental Research, 59, 2, Retrieved from https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2011.03.031.

Lepow, M., (1975), Investigations into sources of lead in the environment of urban children, Environmental Research, 10, 2 Retrieved from https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2011.03.031

Pocock, S. J., Smith, M., Baghurst, P., (1994) Environmental Lead and children?s intelligence: a systematic review of the epidemiological evidence, Retrieved from
https://www.bmj.com/specialties/epidemiologic-studies

Zou, Ben, Wangn Min, Luo, Yan Q. (2012) , Chapter 3: Environmental Safety and Health, Children?s Risk Assessment of Lead Exposure, Advance Material Research, Retrieved from https://10.4024.www.scientific.net/AMR.610-613.790

Ryan, James, Scheckel, K.G, et.al. (2004), Reducing Children?s Risk from Lead in Soil, A field experiment in Joplin, Mo., demonstrates alternative to traditional cleanups. Environ. Sci. Technol., 38, 1,, Retrieved from hppt://dx.doi.org1021/es040277r

Stewart, L. R, Department of Geology, Bowling Green University, Spatial Prediction of Blood Lead Level in Children in Toledo, Ohio Using Fussing Sets and the Site-Specific IEUBK Model (2011), Retrieved from https://www.cdra.colostate.edu/

Hogan, K. Marcus, A., et.al. (1998) Integrated exposure Uptake Biokinetic Model for Led in children: empirical comparison with epidemiologic data, Retrieved form www.necbi-nlm.nih.gov.

The continuing impact of lead dust on children?s blood lead: Comparison of Public properties in New Orleans (2011), Retrieved from https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2011.06.010

Zehran, S. Mielke, H. W., (2013), Determining the relative importance of soil sample location to predict risk of child lead exposure, Environmental International 60, Retrieved from https://ac.els-cdn.com/

Triantafyllidou, S,, Le, T., Gallagher, D., Edwards, M., (2013), Reduced risk estimations after remediation of lead (PB) in drinking water at two US school districts, Science of the Total Environment, Retrieved from https://dx.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.07.111

Budtz-Jergensen E., Ballinger, D., Langhear, B. Grandjean, P., (2012), An International Pooled Analysis for Obtaining a Benchmark Dose Environmental Lead Exposure in Children, Risk Analysis 33, 3, Retrieved from https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/

Addressing Lead at a Superfund Sites, https://www.epa.gov/superfund/lead

Frequent Questions from Risk Assessors on the Integrated Exposure Uptake Biokinetic (IEUBK) https://www.epa.gov/superfund/lead/lead.tech.htm

Bierkens, J. Beukers, H., et.al, ((2011), Health impact assessment and monetary valuation of IQ loss in pre-school children due to lead exposure through locally produced food, Science of the Total Environmental, 444, Retrieved from www.elevier.com/locate/scitotenv

Mielke, H.W., Rabito, F.A., Rice, J.C., Arroyave, A., (2012) Environmental Lead after Hurricane Katrina, Environmental Health Prospective , Retrieved form https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/

An Approach for Estimating Changes in Children?s IQ from Lead Dust Generated during Renovation, Repair, and Painting in Residences and Child-Occupied Facilities, Retrieved from https://www2.epa.gov/sites/production/files/documents/

Policy Assessment for Review of Lead National Ambient Air Quality Standards, Retrieved from https://www.epa.gov/ttn/naaqs/standards/pb/data/

Zehram, S., et.al, (2013), Determining the Relative importance of Soil sample locations to predict risk of child lead exposure, Environmental International, 60, Retrieved from www.sciencedirect.com

Pounds, J. G., Leggett, R. W., (1998 Map showing the locations of Indianapolis Indiana; Syracuse, New York; and New Orleans, Louisiana, Retrieved from https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/

Environmental Risk Assessment of Lead in Children

Abstract -1/2 page

Sources and Distribution of Lead in the Environment ? 4 pages
a. Correlation of Different Route of Exposures to Lead Exposures to BBLs
b. Epidemiological Studies of Lead Exposure in Children
1. Cohort vs Prospective vs Case Control Studies
2. Pros and Cons of different of studies – Lead

Measurement and Risk Assessment of Lead in Children – 6 pages
a. Lead Risk Assessment
b. Effects of High Blood Lead Levels (BBLs) in Children
c. EPA Model ? Integrated Exposure Uptake Biokinetic (IEUBK) model
1. Its effectiveness and use
d. IEUBK model and Monte Carlo Model
1. Its effectiveness and use
2. Pros and Cons

Risk Management for Lead- 1pages

Conclusion ? page

Reference List
Mielke, H. D. (1999), Lead in the Inner Cities: Policies to reduce children?s exposure to lead may be overlooking a major source of lead in the environment: American Scientist, 87, Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/27857784.

Mushak, P., Crocett, A.F., (2011) Determination of numbers of lead-exposed American Children as a function of lead source: Integrated summary of a report to the U.S. Congress on childhood lead poisoning, Environmental Research, 59, 2, Retrieved from https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2011.03.031.

Lepow, M., (1975), Investigations into sources of lead in the environment of urban children, Environmental Research, 10, 2 Retrieved from https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2011.03.031

Pocock, S. J., Smith, M., Baghurst, P., (1994) Environmental Lead and children?s intelligence: a systematic review of the epidemiological evidence, Retrieved from
https://www.bmj.com/specialties/epidemiologic-studies

Zou, Ben, Wangn Min, Luo, Yan Q. (2012) , Chapter 3: Environmental Safety and Health, Children?s Risk Assessment of Lead Exposure, Advance Material Research, Retrieved from https://10.4024.www.scientific.net/AMR.610-613.790

Ryan, James, Scheckel, K.G, et.al. (2004), Reducing Children?s Risk from Lead in Soil, A field experiment in Joplin, Mo., demonstrates alternative to traditional cleanups. Environ. Sci. Technol., 38, 1,, Retrieved from hppt://dx.doi.org1021/es040277r

Stewart, L. R, Department of Geology, Bowling Green University, Spatial Prediction of Blood Lead Level in Children in Toledo, Ohio Using Fussing Sets and the Site-Specific IEUBK Model (2011), Retrieved from https://www.cdra.colostate.edu/

Hogan, K. Marcus, A., et.al. (1998) Integrated exposure Uptake Biokinetic Model for Led in children: empirical comparison with epidemiologic data, Retrieved form www.necbi-nlm.nih.gov.

The continuing impact of lead dust on children?s blood lead: Comparison of Public properties in New Orleans (2011), Retrieved from https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2011.06.010

Zehran, S. Mielke, H. W., (2013), Determining the relative importance of soil sample location to predict risk of child lead exposure, Environmental International 60, Retrieved from https://ac.els-cdn.com/

Triantafyllidou, S,, Le, T., Gallagher, D., Edwards, M., (2013), Reduced risk estimations after remediation of lead (PB) in drinking water at two US school districts, Science of the Total Environment, Retrieved from https://dx.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.07.111

Budtz-Jergensen E., Ballinger, D., Langhear, B. Grandjean, P., (2012), An International Pooled Analysis for Obtaining a Benchmark Dose Environmental Lead Exposure in Children, Risk Analysis 33, 3, Retrieved from https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/

Addressing Lead at a Superfund Sites, https://www.epa.gov/superfund/lead

Frequent Questions from Risk Assessors on the Integrated Exposure Uptake Biokinetic (IEUBK) https://www.epa.gov/superfund/lead/lead.tech.htm

Bierkens, J. Beukers, H., et.al, ((2011), Health impact assessment and monetary valuation of IQ loss in pre-school children due to lead exposure through locally produced food, Science of the Total Environmental, 444, Retrieved from www.elevier.com/locate/scitotenv

Mielke, H.W., Rabito, F.A., Rice, J.C., Arroyave, A., (2012) Environmental Lead after Hurricane Katrina, Environmental Health Prospective , Retrieved form https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/

An Approach for Estimating Changes in Children?s IQ from Lead Dust Generated during Renovation, Repair, and Painting in Residences and Child-Occupied Facilities, Retrieved from https://www2.epa.gov/sites/production/files/documents/

Policy Assessment for Review of Lead National Ambient Air Quality Standards, Retrieved from https://www.epa.gov/ttn/naaqs/standards/pb/data/

Zehram, S., et.al, (2013), Determining the Relative importance of Soil sample locations to predict risk of child lead exposure, Environmental International, 60, Retrieved from www.sciencedirect.com

Pounds, J. G., Leggett, R. W., (1998 Map showing the locations of Indianapolis Indiana; Syracuse, New York; and New Orleans, Louisiana, Retrieved from https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/

Environmental Risk Assessment of Lead in Children

Abstract -1/2 page

Sources and Distribution of Lead in the Environment ? 4 pages
a. Correlation of Different Route of Exposures to Lead Exposures to BBLs
b. Epidemiological Studies of Lead Exposure in Children
1. Cohort vs Prospective vs Case Control Studies
2. Pros and Cons of different of studies – Lead

Measurement and Risk Assessment of Lead in Children – 6 pages
a. Lead Risk Assessment
b. Effects of High Blood Lead Levels (BBLs) in Children
c. EPA Model ? Integrated Exposure Uptake Biokinetic (IEUBK) model
1. Its effectiveness and use
d. IEUBK model and Monte Carlo Model
1. Its effectiveness and use
2. Pros and Cons

Risk Management for Lead- 1pages

Conclusion ? page

Reference List
Mielke, H. D. (1999), Lead in the Inner Cities: Policies to reduce children?s exposure to lead may be overlooking a major source of lead in the environment: American Scientist, 87, Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/27857784.

Mushak, P., Crocett, A.F., (2011) Determination of numbers of lead-exposed American Children as a function of lead source: Integrated summary of a report to the U.S. Congress on childhood lead poisoning, Environmental Research, 59, 2, Retrieved from https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2011.03.031.

Lepow, M., (1975), Investigations into sources of lead in the environment of urban children, Environmental Research, 10, 2 Retrieved from https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2011.03.031

Pocock, S. J., Smith, M., Baghurst, P., (1994) Environmental Lead and children?s intelligence: a systematic review of the epidemiological evidence, Retrieved from
https://www.bmj.com/specialties/epidemiologic-studies

Zou, Ben, Wangn Min, Luo, Yan Q. (2012) , Chapter 3: Environmental Safety and Health, Children?s Risk Assessment of Lead Exposure, Advance Material Research, Retrieved from https://10.4024.www.scientific.net/AMR.610-613.790

Ryan, James, Scheckel, K.G, et.al. (2004), Reducing Children?s Risk from Lead in Soil, A field experiment in Joplin, Mo., demonstrates alternative to traditional cleanups. Environ. Sci. Technol., 38, 1,, Retrieved from hppt://dx.doi.org1021/es040277r

Stewart, L. R, Department of Geology, Bowling Green University, Spatial Prediction of Blood Lead Level in Children in Toledo, Ohio Using Fussing Sets and the Site-Specific IEUBK Model (2011), Retrieved from https://www.cdra.colostate.edu/

Hogan, K. Marcus, A., et.al. (1998) Integrated exposure Uptake Biokinetic Model for Led in children: empirical comparison with epidemiologic data, Retrieved form www.necbi-nlm.nih.gov.

The continuing impact of lead dust on children?s blood lead: Comparison of Public properties in New Orleans (2011), Retrieved from https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2011.06.010

Zehran, S. Mielke, H. W., (2013), Determining the relative importance of soil sample location to predict risk of child lead exposure, Environmental International 60, Retrieved from https://ac.els-cdn.com/

Triantafyllidou, S,, Le, T., Gallagher, D., Edwards, M., (2013), Reduced risk estimations after remediation of lead (PB) in drinking water at two US school districts, Science of the Total Environment, Retrieved from https://dx.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.07.111

Budtz-Jergensen E., Ballinger, D., Langhear, B. Grandjean, P., (2012), An International Pooled Analysis for Obtaining a Benchmark Dose Environmental Lead Exposure in Children, Risk Analysis 33, 3, Retrieved from https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/

Addressing Lead at a Superfund Sites, https://www.epa.gov/superfund/lead

Frequent Questions from Risk Assessors on the Integrated Exposure Uptake Biokinetic (IEUBK) https://www.epa.gov/superfund/lead/lead.tech.htm

Bierkens, J. Beukers, H., et.al, ((2011), Health impact assessment and monetary valuation of IQ loss in pre-school children due to lead exposure through locally produced food, Science of the Total Environmental, 444, Retrieved from www.elevier.com/locate/scitotenv

Mielke, H.W., Rabito, F.A., Rice, J.C., Arroyave, A., (2012) Environmental Lead after Hurricane Katrina, Environmental Health Prospective , Retrieved form https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/

An Approach for Estimating Changes in Children?s IQ from Lead Dust Generated during Renovation, Repair, and Painting in Residences and Child-Occupied Facilities, Retrieved from https://www2.epa.gov/sites/production/files/documents/

Policy Assessment for Review of Lead National Ambient Air Quality Standards, Retrieved from https://www.epa.gov/ttn/naaqs/standards/pb/data/

Zehram, S., et.al, (2013), Determining the Relative importance of Soil sample locations to predict risk of child lead exposure, Environmental International, 60, Retrieved from www.sciencedirect.com

Pounds, J. G., Leggett, R. W., (1998 Map showing the locations of Indianapolis Indiana; Syracuse, New York; and New Orleans, Louisiana, Retrieved from https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/


Envirommental Risk Assessment of Lead in Children

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