Discuss disparities related to ethnic and cultural groups relative to low birth weight infants and preterm births.

Discuss disparities related to ethnic and cultural groups relative to low birth weight infants and preterm births..

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Idalmis Espinosa

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Re:Topic 1 DQ 1

Discuss disparities related to ethnic and cultural groups relative to low birth weight infants and preterm births. There are major disparities related to ethnic and cultural groups in relation to low birth weight infants and preterm births. The 2013 preterm birth rate for black infants was 60% higher than the rate for non-Hispanic white infants and 44% higher than the rate for Hispanic infants. Even after accounting for known risk factors (e.g. Obesity, smoking, hypertension), preterm birth rate disparities between white and black infants persist.

These differences are caused by the differences in how these cultures perceive infancy. Some cultures have a different view on infancy based on their cultural beliefs, which means that how they treat low birth weight and preterm births is also different. Some cultures even believe that low birth weight infants and preterm births are aspects that are out of their control and that they can do nothing in being able to control the situation. In such cases, it becomes difficult to be able to influence such communities on the information that they need to have in ensuring that such cases do not happen in the future. Extremely low birth weight babies lead to long term stress among families. When children are born when their weight is extremely low, they feel that they have an obligation to take care of the small baby and are worried about what best they can or could have done in maintaining the right weight for their children.

Preterm Birth and Low Birth Weight, Child Health USA 2014. Provides a centralized resource for data on the health and well-being of America’s infants, children, and adolescents.As a result of these risks, preterm birth and low birth weight are leading causes of infant death and childhood disability. Babies who are born the earliest and smallest have the highest risks of morbidity and mortality.Preterm birth and low birth weight exact a heavy societal toll with the annual economic burden related to preterm birth estimated to exceed $26 billion, including costs for medical care and early intervention as well as lost productivity due to disabling conditions

The hospital is a support service within the community that provides services for preterm infants and their family. Once a family has a preterm infant, it is highly likely that they will be stressed and confused about   what to do. The hospital provides counseling for the family, which is believed to reduce stress and anxiety among the family. Through such a support service, the family becomes more informed about preterm infants and they can try conceiving once again.

References

Cronin, C. M., Shapiro, C. R., Casiro, O. G., & Cheang, M. S. (1995). The impact of very low-birth-weight infants on the family are long lasting: A matched control study. Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine, 149(2), 151-158.


Discuss disparities related to ethnic and cultural groups relative to low birth weight infants and preterm births.

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