Create a 10 page essay paper that discusses Israel and Palestine: The Conflict Background.
The war of 1948 ended victoriously for Israel, which was accepted as a member of the United Nations by majority vote at Two Hundred and Seventh Plenary Meeting on May 11, 1949. (United Nations) The years to come were rocky and the tensions flared between Israel and the neighboring Arab countries in 1967.
In June of 1967, Israel launched a six-day war against its Arab neighbors and swiftly occupied Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, West Bank, and East Jerusalem from Jordan and Golan Heights from Syria. (BBC) For Israel, Operation Focus was a preemptive act, as the tensions in the region were threatening to escalate on the other side. In years to come, there were more conflicts like the one in 1973, when Egyptian and Syrian forces unsuccessfully attacked Israel.
Throughout this time, as wars were waged on one side, peace talks were going on the other. For the most part, and up to today, all of those failed. After the war of 1973, there were new efforts to bring peace to the region. The United States sensed that the mood is right for peace and President Jimmy Carter invited Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin for peace talks at Camp David in 1978. At the end of 12 days of talks Sadat and Begin agreed on two accords, one that was called A Framework for Peace in the Middle East, and the other called A framework for the Peace Treaty between Egypt and Israel. The first was weak as Palestinians did not participate in negotiations, the second resulted in Egypt’s recognition of Israel as a sovereign state, first such example in the Arab world. The second accord from Camp David was expanded on during Madrid Conference in 1991, co-sponsored by the US and the ailing Soviet Union. .