Create a 10 page essay paper that discusses Chemical, Biological, Radiological Agents/Homeland Security.
It is thus vital for security personnel to be well versed with the necessary precautionary measures as well as methods of detection, avoidance and decontamination of this biological agent, to be better prepared for possible crises involving the virus.
Innumerable chemical, biological and radiological agents have been identified as major threats to both homeland and international security. With massive technological advancements and increasing availability of information on the go, almost anyone can acquire the power to cause mass damage with the help of biological, chemical or even nuclear weapons. Being alert and prepared for any possible strike is the need of the hour, especially for security personnel. This paper discusses the threats of bio-weapons in general and that of smallpox virus in particular. The smallpox virus is airborne and is easily transmissible, apart from being highly contagious. The fact that the global population is becoming highly susceptible to the virus because of diminishing immunity against it, and that specific treatment and early diagnosis is not possible makes it a very deadly and highly preferable bio-weapon.
The aim of this paper is to introduce the subject of smallpox as a potential bio-weapon, and to discuss ways in which possible infection with the virus can be averted through early detection and avoidance. Methods of individual protection and material and personal decontamination are also discussed.
Smallpox caused more than 300 million deaths worldwide in the 20th century, which is more than the total number of deaths in all wars of that century (Biden, 2003). Outbreaks of the variola virus (smallpox virus) have played a major role in the rise as well as downfall of ancient empires, from the Egyptians to the Athenians (Koplow, 2004). Accidental outbreaks of smallpox introduced by Spanish conquistadors led to the ruin of the ancient Mayan, Aztec and the Inca civilizations. The deliberate use of