Complete 4 page APA formatted essay: Conflict between Federalist and Anti-Federalist: Manifestation in American Politics Today.
In the peace policy, the government ceded that the region was indeed a territory of the Indian people, and therefore, white persons could not own land or settle in the Big Horn Mountains region, especially without the knowledge of the Native Indians. There is no doubt that the policy created squabbles right from the beginning. In a gathering to discuss the policy, Red Cloud of the Lakota gave the assessment of Grant’s peace policy and its implementation in the nearly ten years of its existence. In fact, Red Cloud who was the leader of Oglala at that time embraced the peace policy. This man of the moment oversaw the implementation of the treaty to the dot. His views were that white men should not own or inhabit the lands that belonged to his people. He preserved liberal annuities to the white, and in his own views, he asked fellow Indians to allow whites own land by requesting the Indian authorities. He praised the policy as one that allowed diplomacy to triumph. Red Cloud did not like the manner in which Colonel George Custer was implementing the treaty. His main strategy was to secure the road and not necessarily fight the Indians. Red Cloud realized he could not defeat such strategy and therefore, he opted to raid every single wagon. Consequently, this resulted into the Red Cloud war (A Last Stand for Custer and the Indians, 1876, pp. 415-427). b) Old Lady Horse of the Kiowa and Pretty Shield of the Crow talk about what the disappearance of the buffalo meant to their societies and economies. In ancient times, many tribes relied heavily on buffaloes for various purposes. People with many buffaloes were rich and respected people in those times. During the “Dog Days”, people used horses and traditional firearms to protect their communities against the enemy. The Blackfoot community that was famous in rearing buffaloes fought the enemy so hard and managed to send them to the buffer zones. However, as time went by, to be exact, the mid-eighteen century, the non-Indians who were majorly commercial traders (fur trappers) visited the region and showed the Native population how to trade. History records that this happened when the second industrial revolution took place. In my own view, driven by the hunger to get money, the Native population exchanged their buffaloes for money. This meant that the society was empowering itself economically at the expense of destroying buffaloes. Trading between the Native population and commercial trading companies increased more thus, sprouting the economic and social lives of the people. On the other hand, the outbreak of diseases and use of sophisticated weapons ensued. The fundamental reason that led to the extermination of buffaloes was the desire to civilize and improve economically. Human beings’ reckless greed during the second industrial revolution age provided an avenue of wanton extermination of buffaloes. There was buffalo harvest across America and the idea of not husbanding resources, the lack of protective measures, and other platforms of changing the social-economic welfare of the people became the very reasons that lead to the extermination of buffaloes. Business and trade opportunities increased and societies blossomed economically and socially (The Destruction of the Plains Buffalo, 1876, chapter 16). c) Chief Joseph talks about how the influence of white people in the West has challenged his people, the Nez Perce, since the expedition of Lewis and Clark. He outlines four major