IT MUST BE ABOUT THE TOWN (Cardwell, Queensland, Australia).
Construction Technology 5 (Building Envelope)
Climate Assignment: ecological and climate appropriate building design (how to design the building for the specific climate) 2607 Construction Management
Most traditional construction around the world is well-adapted to its environment and generally makes use of ecologically appropriate building materials and forms. Before mechanical space heating and cooling were available, traditional settlements developed a natural harmony with their climate and had, as a consequence, a minimal carbon footprint. With global warming, we are returning to ecologically sustainable and climatically appropriate building designs.
In this assignment, we will be looking at building designs in climatically diverse locations across Australia and our near neighbours, investigating appropriate solutions for that location from elsewhere in the world that will have a minimum carbon footprint. You will be focusing on traditional solutions (say prior to 1900’s) from around the world in areas of similar climatic locations, in order to derive possible solutions for the location you will be assigned (i.e. within Australia and New Zealand).
Note: It Must Be About The Town (Cardwell, Queensland, Australia).
You must research the following topics to determine their influence on building design for your location:
The characteristics the climate include:
- Average maximum summer and minimum winter temperatures.
- Diurnal temperature range both in summer and winter.
- Humidity levels in summer and winter.
- Solar characteristics (sun path and intensity of solar radiation).
- Atmospheric conditions (dust, cloudiness, precipitation e.g. mist & rain).
- Incidence and extent of snow, if applicable.
- Evaporation rates, rainfall intensities, flooding, fire and any other extremes of climatic conditions encountered at your location.
- Remember to consider the use of vegetation to control the extremes of the climatic conditions, if at all possible.
Lighting needs of the building
- Glare problems (i.e. does the location have snow or bare ground?).
- Natural and artificial methods of lighting (think about your occupants too).
- Lighting control throughout the day (control throughout the year…the extremes, energy efficient design).
Acoustic background of the building
- External noise levels.
- Internal noise levels.
- You are to discover countries that have similar climatic zones, and determine from your research the type of traditional building, that might have appropriate lessons for your allocated area. You must NOT include a general discussion of the cultural, geographic or political background of the country, unless it relates to the design of buildings. Marks will be deducted for padding (information that is not necessary).
- Structural concerns, from snow, floods, earthquake & hurricanes should only be discussed if they affect the lighting, acoustic or thermal characteristics of the building.
Demonstrate how the environmental factors influence the design of traditional buildings in your similar region and how these principles can be applied and implemented to buildings at your location in Australia.